Sarah Is the New Covenant

Sarah represents the New Covenant and Hagar the Old Covenant according to the Apostle Paul in Galatians 4:21-31 which is an example of children of promise. (This is just one fulfillment of Genesis 22:16-18.)

The lesson destroys the idea of Covenant Theology, which teaches that both Covenants are the same. They are not.

This means that both Jew and Gentile are included in the New Covenant including the Galatians who are children of the spiritual covenant along with the elect Jews.

The children who are legalists and reject the New Covenant are from Hagar! She represents the Old Covenant. Any translation captures this. This happens to be the NIV.

Hagar and Sarah

21 Tell me, you who want to be under the law,(A) are you not aware of what the law says? 22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by the slave woman(B) and the other by the free woman.(C) 23 His son by the slave woman was born according to the flesh,(D) but his son by the free woman was born as the result of a divine promise.(E)
24 These things are being taken figuratively: The women represent two covenants. One covenant is from Mount Sinai and bears children who are to be slaves: This is Hagar. 25 Now Hagar stands for Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present city of Jerusalem, because she is in slavery with her children. 26 But the Jerusalem that is above(F) is free, and she is our mother. 27 For it is written:
“Be glad, barren woman,
    you who never bore a child;
shout for joy and cry aloud,
    you who were never in labor;
because more are the children of the desolate woman
    than of her who has a husband.”[a](G)
28 Now you, brothers and sisters, like Isaac, are children of promise.(H) 29 At that time the son born according to the flesh(I) persecuted the son born by the power of the Spirit.(J) It is the same now. 30 But what does Scripture say? “Get rid of the slave woman and her son, for the slave woman’s son will never share in the inheritance with the free woman’s son.”[b](K) 31 Therefore, brothers and sisters, we are not children of the slave woman,(L) but of the free woman.(M)


There has been a slight change in redemption. I happen to believe that the Gentiles, who have been called for most 2000 years, are now all saved. There may be exceptions but that is no certainty.

But in most nations there are people with some Jewish DNA. Many do not know they have it. God may call a few even if they have one Jewish ancestor!

Time is short but comparing Luke 21:24 with Romans chapter 11, we see that the Gentiles can be cut off due to unbelief and those from Jacob (with Jewish DNA who are also chosen)
can be called into the Abrahamic Covenant once again.

Paul does not mean that true Christians can lose their salvation. They cannot lose it having been sealed by the Spirit. The Spirit dwells in the Christian and since the Father, Son and Spirit indwell each other, the Father and Son indwell the believer as well. But they do so through the Spirit! Rom 8:28-30 and John 14:8-21.

But do not forget, Jewish friends, that the Gentiles at Galatia were children of promise and were not bound by the requirements of the law of Moses, relying instead on the law of Christ. 1 Cor 9:20-21.

Rom 9:8 is clear. Physical descent does not determine the children of promise! But now those with Jewish DNA who were excluded are now included.  

The Abraham's children of promise are now safely included into the New Covenant. And they look for a spiritual and heavenly Jerusalem (Rev 21 and 22), not an earthly Israel separate from the Gentiles. See Hebrews 11.

See also:

The Law of Moses Is a Curse

Why Was the Old Covenant Abolished?

Law of Christ Replaces the Law of Moses

New Covenant Theology

Luther and Menno, Failure of Protestantism

My Christian View of Israel's Purpose

Charles Spurgeon Prince of Law Preaching

What Is Unbelief?


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