The Deity of Christ

Some who deny that Jesus is God make the claim that Jesus never said that He is God. It is correct that the Bible never records Jesus saying the precise words, “I am God.” This does not mean, however, that Jesus never claimed to be God. And others claimed He is God. In Revelation 21:22, we see that the Lamb is, along with God almighty, the temple of the spiritual Jerusalem. You don't get to be the temple without being God. Believers share in the temple as Peter teaches. But the temple is the Almighty and the Lamb who is also fully God. 

Is Jesus God? — Jesus claimed to be God.

Take for example the words of Jesus in John 10:30, “I and the Father are one.” We need only to look at the Jews’ reaction to His statement to know He was claiming to be God. They tried to stone Him for this very reason: “You, a mere man, claim to be God” (John 10:33, emphasis added). The Jews understood exactly what Jesus was claiming—deity. When Jesus declared, “I and the Father are one,” He was saying that He and the Father are of one nature and essence.

In John 1:18, John says: No one has ever seen God,(AE) but the one and only Son, who is himself God and[b](AF) is in closest relationship with the Father, has made him known.

In John 5:18 we see Jesus making Himself equal with God. And John 1:14 says: 
"The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the one and only Son, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth."

John the Baptist testified in John 1 that Jesus is the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world. 

John 8:58 is another example. Jesus declared, “I tell you the truth … before Abraham was born, I am!” This is a reference back to Exodus 3:14 when God revealed Himself as the “I AM.” The Jews who heard this statement responded by taking up stones to kill Him for blasphemy, as the Mosaic Law commanded (Leviticus 24:16). The Greek words are I Am, not I Am He. The He is added.

In John 14:9-10 we see Jesus telling Philip that if he has seen Jesus he has seen the father. They are identical. Christian believers who are filled by God through the Spirit, since the resurrection, dwell in Christ as Christ dwells in them. What an absolute, jaw dropping privilege. As Jesus dwells in the Father and the Father dwells in Him, so too do we dwell in Christ as created beings! Jesus is equal with God. We are created beings with the blessings of God Himself! We are then, also dwelling in the Spirit as He dwells in us. Amazing!

In John 8:24 Jesus warns the Pharisees that if they don't believe He is the great I Am, they will die in their sins. Jesus was declaring that He was God. The same Greek in John 8:58 is first used in John 8:24. You are dead in your sins if you reject Jesus' status as God, along with the Father and Holy Spirit.

In Revelation, it is revealed that the Word of God is the King of Kings. John 1 clearly says Christ is the Word. And Rev 19:13-16 connects the Word of God to the King of Kings. Don't be a Pharisee and deny essential biblical truth!

We do not own legal righteousness. Only God and Christ and Spirit are righteous. Righteousness is imputed through God given faith in Jesus Christ. It is never imparted. We are made holy through imputed righteousness as righteousness belongs to God. It is never imparted to man as Wesley taught. It is never infused as Aquinas taught.

Is Jesus God? — His followers declared Him to be God.

John reiterates the concept of Jesus’ deity: “The Word [Jesus] was God” and “the Word became flesh” (John 1:1, 14). These verses clearly indicate that Jesus is God in the flesh. Jesus is the LOGOS in the Greek, who created all things.
Jesus was the author of life! Compare Acts 3:15 with Genesis 1:26-28.

Acts 20:28 tells us, “Be shepherds of the church of God, which He bought with His own blood.” Who bought the church with His own blood? Jesus Christ. And this same verse declares that God purchased His church with His own blood. Therefore, Jesus is God.

Thomas the disciple declared concerning Jesus, “My Lord and my God” (John 20:28). Jesus does not correct him. Titus 2:13 encourages us to wait for the coming of our God and Savior, Jesus Christ (see also 2 Peter 1:1).

 In Hebrews 1:8, the Father declares of Jesus, “But about the Son He says, ‘Your throne, O God, will last forever and ever, and righteousness will be the scepter of your kingdom.’” The Father refers to Jesus as God, indicating that Jesus is indeed God.

Paul argued for the equality of God and against elemental religion and the worship of angels in Colossians 2:9-23.

Christ is subordinated for redemption, but His name is exalted and He is the Savior. The Holy Spirit convicts of not believing in Christ. This gift is only given to the elect. Christ is the Good Shepherd. John 10:11. Only God is good making Jesus Christ God as are the Father and Holy Spirit! Also Christ is the perfect sacrifice and therefore is the exalted name and the only way of salvation.

Christ was not begotten in heaven. He was eternal Logos. He was begotten when He became flesh, born of Mary. Jesus was begotten once again when resurrected. Acts 13:33. But He was never, ever begotten in heaven. Flee all those who teach that doctrine. Flee the Athanasian Creed and the Nicene Creed. Their defense of the Deity of Christ was not sufficient. They bowed to the concept of eternal generation!

In Revelation, an angel instructed the apostle John to only worship God (Revelation 19:10). Several times in Scripture Jesus receives worship (Matthew 2:11; 14:33; 28:9, 17; Luke 24:52; John 9:38, John 5:21-23). He never rebukes people for worshiping Him. 

If Jesus were not God, He would have told people to not worship Him, just as the angel in Revelation did. Beyond these, there are many other passages of Scripture that argue for Jesus being God. The Father expects Jesus to be honored as God. (John 5:21-23)

Jesus emptied Himself of equality with the Father to walk on the earth. We see this clearly spelled out in John 5:18 and Philippians 2:6-11.

Is Jesus God? — The reason Jesus must be God.

The most important reason that Jesus must be God is that, if He is not God, His death would not have been sufficient to pay the penalty for the sins of the world (1 John 2:2). A created being, which Jesus would be if He were not God, could not pay the infinite penalty required for sin against an infinite God. Only God could pay such an infinite penalty. Only God could take on the sins of the world (2 Corinthians 5:21), die, and be resurrected, proving His victory over sin and death.

Is Jesus God? Yes. Jesus declared Himself to be God. His followers believed Him to be God. The provision of salvation only works if Jesus is fully God and fully man. Jesus is God incarnate, the eternal Alpha and Omega (Revelation 1:8; 22:13), and God our Savior (2 Peter 1:1).

Hebrews 7 clearly teaches that Christ had no beginning of days, making Him eternal as are the Father and the Holy Spirit.

The sacrifice had to be perfect to be eternal. Deity had to become man to satisfy sin. We can see this in Hebrews chapter 10 NIV:

10 And by that will, we have been made holy(A) through the sacrifice of the body(B) of Jesus Christ once for all.(C)
11 Day after day every priest stands and performs his religious duties; again and again he offers the same sacrifices,(D) which can never take away sins.(E) 12 But when this priest had offered for all time one sacrifice for sins,(F) he sat down at the right hand of God,(G) 13 and since that time he waits for his enemies to be made his footstool.(H) 14 For by one sacrifice he has made perfect(I) forever those who are being made holy.(J)
15 The Holy Spirit also testifies(K) to us about this. First he says:
16 “This is the covenant I will make with them
    after that time, says the Lord.
I will put my laws in their hearts,
    and I will write them on their minds.”[a](L)
17 Then he adds:
“Their sins and lawless acts
    I will remember no more.”[b](M)
18 And where these have been forgiven, sacrifice for sin is no longer necessary.

Lion of Judah

So, Jesus was the lion of Judah. 1 Chron 2 gives a partial lineage, which would go through David to our Messiah. In verses 34 and 35 we see that a female was in the essential line, as her father had no male heirs. 

Also, Rahab the Harlot, saved by grace, was in the line of the Lion of Judah, having married one of the spies.Her God given faith was essential to the success of the Israelites.

As for Rahab, Christ came to save sinners, not the self righteous. And Rahab was a serious sinner who was predestined to eternal life. 

In Genesis 43:9-10, we see Jacob (Israel) prophesy that the King of Peace, Shiloh, would come through the tribe of Judah. So Christ is God, king of the Jews, through peace, not war. 

His gospel message allowed the Gentiles to be saved who were also predestined to be children of promise through the gift of faith. Gal 4:21-31

Many do not understand scriptures that say Jesus is the Firstborn. But we see in Revelarion 1:5-9 that Jesus is firstborn from the dead. In Acts 13 we see he was begotten from the dead. He was eternal as to His being as are the Father and the Holy Spirit. 

Jesus is God with the power to send the Holy Spirit, a person of God as yet another advocate and Comforter for the elect: 

John 14:15 “If you love me, keep my commands. 16 And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another advocate to help you and be with you forever— 17 the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him, because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you. NIV

Once Jesus rose from the dead the Spirit went into the believer to dwell forever and ever. Praise God! John 15:2_ shows that Jesus also sent the Holy Spirit. Only Deity can send Deity!

The Old Covenant Scriptures and the Deity of Christ:

Lets take a look at the promises that God made to Abraham, in particular the seed promise. It is connected to the throne promise which God made to David, let us treat that promise in detail.

1 God’s promise through Nathan

Through Nathan the prophet God promised David, "When your days are complete and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your descendant after you, who will come forth from you, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. Your house and your kingdom shall endure before you forever. Your throne shall be established forever" (2Samuel 7:12 13,16)

The promise recalled in the Psalms
The Psalms recall this promise:

"The Lord has truly sworn to David,
and will not turn back from it,
'The fruit of your body
I will set upon your throne'"
(Psalms 132:11).
"I have made a covenant with my chosen;
I have sworn to David my servant,
'I will establish your seed forever,
and build up your throne
to all generations'"
(Psalm 89:3-4).

Same promise as made to Abraham

This seed or descendant of David is none other than the seed of Abraham to whom God referred when he said to Abraham, "In your seed all nations of the earth shall be blessed" (Genesis 22:18). This seed of Abraham would also be the seed of David, and would sit upon David's throne forever.

David's son Solomon reigned after David, but Solomon did not fulfill the promise that God made to David that he would establish the seed of David on the throne of David forever.

Solomon did pretty much the opposite. He disgraced himself and David's throne. The kingdom was torn in two. Later the division known as Israel was destroyed by the Assyrians. Later still the remaining kingdom known as Judah was destroyed by the Chaldeans. A remnant returned to Jerusalem in the days of Ezra and Nehemiah.

So although Solomon fulfilled elements of the promise, such as building the temple, a house for God's name, he was not the true king of the prophecy.


See Also:

Equality of Father, Son and Spirit

The Law of Moses Is a Curse

Law of Christ Replaces the Law of Moses

New Covenant Theology

Luther and Menno, Failure of Protestantism

My Christian View of Israel's Purpose

Charles Spurgeon Prince of Law Preaching

What Is Unbelief?


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